Benefits and Disadvantages of Equity Shares Investment

Benefits of equity share investment are dividend entitlement, capital gains, limited liability, control, claim over income and assets, right shares, bonus shares, liquidity, etc. Disadvantages are dividend uncertainty, high risk, fluctuation in market price, limited control, residual claim, etc. Let us see more in-depth the advantages and disadvantages of equity share investment.

Equity share is looked at from different perspectives by different stakeholders. There are two major angles of looking at it – the Company and Investor Angle. So, any statement about equity capital would have a different meaning for a company and an investor. We will look at the investor angle of equity share investment.

Advantages and Disadvantages of Investment in Equity Share Capital



An investor is entitled to receive a dividend from the company. It is one of the two primary sources of return on his investment.

Capital Gain

The other source of return on investment apart from dividends is capital gains. Gains arise due to a rise in the market price of the share.

Benefits and Disadvantages of Equity Shares Investment
Benefits and Disadvantages of Equity Shares Investment

Limited liability

The liability of a shareholder or investor is limited to the extent of the investment made. If the company goes into losses, the share of loss over and above the capital investment would not be borne by the investor.

Exercise control

By investing in the company, the shareholder gets ownership in the company, and thereby he can exercise control. In official terms, he gets voting rights in the company.

Claim over Assets and Income

An investor of an equity share is the owner of the company, and so is the owner of the assets of that company. He enjoys a share of the income of the company. He will receive some part of that income in cash in dividends, and the remaining capital is reinvested in the company.

Rights Shares

Whenever companies require additional capital for expansion, they tend to issue ‘rights shares.’ By issuing such shares, ownership and control of existing shareholders are preserved, and the investor receives investment priority over other general investors. Right Shares are issued at a price lower than the current market price of the equity share. So, an existing investor can take that advantage or renounce right in someone’s favor to get the value of right.

Bonus Shares

At times, companies decide to issue bonus shares to their shareholders. It is also a type of dividend. Bonus shares are free shares given to existing shareholders, and they are often given in place of dividends.


The shares of the company which is listed on stock exchanges have the benefit of any time liquidity. The shares can very easily transfer ownership.

Stock Split

Stock split means splitting a share into parts. How should an investor benefit from this? By splitting shares, the per-share price reduces in the market, which eventually increases share readability. At the end, a stock split results in higher volumes with several investors leading to the high liquidity of the share.

Equity Share Investment



The dividend which a shareholder receives is neither fixed nor controllable by the investor. The management of the company decides how much dividend should be given. If there is a loss, there is no question of dividend. If there is a profit, investors will not receive the dividend unless the Board of Directors proposes a dividend.

High Risk

Equity share investment is a risky investment compared to any other investment like debts etc. The money is invested based on an investor’s faith in the company. There is no collateral security attached to it.

Fluctuation in Market Price

The market price of any equity share has a wide variation. It is always very difficult to book profits from the market. On the contrary, there are equal chances of losses.

Limited Control

An equity investor is a small investor in the company, therefore, it is hardly possible to impact the decision of the company using the voting rights.

Residual Claim

An equity shareholder has a residual claim over both the assets and the income. Income that is available to equity shareholders is after the payment of all other stakeholders’ viz., debenture holders, etc.

Also read Benefits and Disadvantages of Equity Finance from financing angle.

Sanjay Borad

Sanjay Bulaki Borad

Sanjay Borad is the founder & CEO of eFinanceManagement. He is passionate about keeping and making things simple and easy. Running this blog since 2009 and trying to explain "Financial Management Concepts in Layman's Terms".

4 thoughts on “Benefits and Disadvantages of Equity Shares Investment”

  1. I have shares with equity but, I left the postal address I was using to receive my dividend check. I don’t have postal address for now how can I receive my check?


Leave a Comment