Types of Personal Loans – These Are The Options You Have

Personal Loans are meant to cover emergency financial requirement if any. Undoubtedly, these are one of the simplest ways of getting funds through a legit source. Banks can lend money and decide on the amount depending on various parameters that are in place. Personal loans might seem a fairly simple process for a person with financial knowledge. However, most still struggle to understand the financial jargons and requirements that come with it. Moreover, many are ignorant of the types of personal loans available. So, in this article, we will be discussing different types of personal loans available to a borrower.

Types of Personal Loans

There are different types of personal loans with their own pros and cons. A borrower can decide the type of loan they want depending on their need. Let’s understand different types of personal loans, as well as, their pros and cons.

Types of Personal Loans

Secured Personal Loans

As the name suggests, the customer needs to deposit collateral with the bank before getting the loan. Such types of loans are undertaken when the banks do not want to take the risk of user defaulting on the payments. A user can keep anything such as savings, bonds, car and more as collateral with the bank to get the loan. Banks would sell the asset to realize the loan amount in case the user defaults.

Unsecured Loans

Any collateral does not back these loans, and thus, carry a higher interest rate. A high rate of interest acts as compensation for the bank taking a higher risk by not asking for any collateral. This means that banks do not have any safety net to fall back to in case the user defaults.

On the customer front, credit scores play an important role in deciding the type of loan you are eligible for. If a user has a good credit score, there are more chances of him or her getting an unsecured loan. For those unaware, credit score means how promptly you have made the payments on the credits taken previously, including payments for credit cards, pay later apps and so on.

Variable Interest Loans

There are loans where borrows don’t have to pay the fixed interest. Interest rates in this type of loan are subjected to change over time. As the interest rate keeps fluctuating, it might sound like a good idea to take the benefit of low-interest rates. However, on the flipside, you might end up paying a high-interest rate as the metric shoots up. If the credit score of a user is not up to the mark, they might not be able to borrow a large sum of money using the variable interest rate.

Fixed Interest Loans

Unlike the loans with variable interest, the loans with fixed interest carry the same interest throughout the life of the loan.

Fixed Payment Terms Loan

Such loans are scheduled to be paid off at a certain date. These loans are common with mortgages and student loan debt.

Debt-consolidation Loan

Customers can avail this loan if they need to pay any other debt. It is never a good idea to get into one debt to clear another debt. However, the exact way in which this type of loan works is different. An individual, who has a different type of loans such as credit cards, utility bills, and medical bills and so on, can consolidate all into one. Thereafter, a borrower can use the debt-consolidation loan to pay off all such loans.

The idea is, instead of serving different loans, a borrower just need to focus on paying just one loan. Although some debt consolidation companies are legitimate, customers need to be extra careful while availing such loans. Before selecting the company, you would need to take advice from a financial expert on the legitimacy of the company offering the loan.

Payday Loans

One of the quickest ways of getting the loan is applying to the payday loan providers. However, customers should know that payday loans are also one of the riskiest loans that you can avail. These are very short term loans that a borrower takes to meet temporary expenses. Therefore, they carry a very high-interest rate

There are endless stories of how borrowers end up in a debt trap after availing payday loans. People should only consider availing such loans if they have no other option left and require the money urgently.

Co-sign Loans

Such type of loans is for borrowers with little or no credit history. Under this, a co-signer promises to repay the loan if the borrower defaults. Usually, a co-signer with a strong credit enhances borrowers’ chance of getting a loan at a lower rate and with favorable terms.

Pawnshop Loan

Just like payday loans, these loans come with very high risk and are for the short term. Customers usually get the loan against the electronics, jewelry or any personal belonging that holds value for the Pawnshop owners. The interest rates are very high.

Bridge Loans

These are also short term loans offered to customers. The maximum tenure of such loans is a year, but sometimes it can be beyond that. Bridge Loans, as the name suggests, usually come in use for clearing other loans. The interest rate is high on these types of loans.

Top-up Loans

These loans are similar to bridge loans. Such loans are for the borrowers who already have a personal loan but needs more funds. These loans carry a relatively lower interest rate than personal loans and may also offer tax benefits. However, these loans are given to the borrowers with a good repayment record on the personal loan.

Signature Loans

If a customer agrees to offer signature as an assurance of paying the loan back, the lender agrees to offer them the loan. In this type of loan, borrowers’ signature acts as collateral. Such loans are fit for those with good credit rating.

Personal Line of Credit

It is not exactly a loan; rather a revolving credit or we can say a credit card. Under this, the borrower doesn’t get a lump sum, rather gets access to a credit line. From this credit line, a borrower can borrow as per their need. Moreover, the borrower pays interest on what they borrow. Such types of loans are best for paying ongoing expenses or emergencies.

Which Loan to Choose?

Before going for any loan, a borrower should thoroughly evaluate all types of personal loans. A borrower must evaluate each option on the basis of interest rates, processing fees, monthly payments and more.

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Sanjay Borad

Sanjay Bulaki Borad

Sanjay Borad is the founder & CEO of eFinanceManagement. He is passionate about keeping and making things simple and easy. Running this blog since 2009 and trying to explain "Financial Management Concepts in Layman's Terms".

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