A bridge loan is a short-term loan, which serves commercial or individual needs. The loan is backed by collateral securities like bonds, debentures, real estate property and so on. It is offered at 2% higher interest rate than the usual loans. Until a permanent source of funding is generated, the loan bridges the gap between two consecutive funding periods. The loan gives borrowers access to a short-term loan, enabling quick liquidity i.e. cash in hand to fulfill the current obligations. The loan term ranges from 2-3 weeks and can extend up to 12 months.
A bridge loan is also known as gap financing, swing loan, interim financing or caveat loan. The loan can be used for various purposes such as investing in a home property or for commercial uses like development. If considering today’s increasing needs of environment and society with no appropriate resources available on time. An individual is looking for something that can meet their current need such as bridge loan, which does not take a long time to process the loan application as in the case of the traditional loans.
Table of Contents
- 1 How does the Bridge Loan Work
- 2 References
Features of Bridge Loan
- It is a short-term loan
- Repayment capacity of the borrower determines the loan amount
- A hefty rate of interest is chargeable on the whole loan amount
- The rate of interest depends upon the loan amount and the capacity to repay of the borrower and collateral offered.
How does the Bridge Loan Work
Working of the Bridge loan depends on the purpose of the loan.
A commercial bridge loan can be used for renovation, expansion of the existing business and shifting to a new office. It can be used to overcome issues related to cash flow and so on. One can even use this loan to improve their credit score. For example, an early start-up might be struggling with finances. Therefore, for the smooth hassle-free working of the start-up, it would take up the caveat loan so as to systematically maintain its operations until the business is in the state of equilibrium or is earning profits.
A residential bridge loan can be taken-up when an individual is planning to buy a new house before selling the old one. He might use the loan to offset the mortgage on the old home and make down-payment of the new home. Note that borrower can use it to pay for the down-payment of the new house. This is also an additional debt allowing to pay for two loans.
For example: Suppose you have a house worth $500,000 with a mortgage loan amount ranging to $600,000. You are still liable for making the down-payment of a new house and pay off $100,000 for the remains of the mortgage loan. If you sell the house, you still need to pay $100,000. If you feel stuck then you can simply go for interim financing for a loan amount of $200,000. By the use of this amount, one can repay for both the mortgage loan.
How to Get a Bridge Loan?
One can avail gap financing for residential or commercial purpose from a bank, private lender or credit union. But it is advisable that one should avail a bridge loan by going to a Financial Conduct Authority regulated broker. There might be some lenders who do not follow the strict guidelines of underwriting, enabling no hard fast rule for a credit score, debt-service coverage ratio or other such requirements. There are two grounds for approval of this loan –
- Cash generating Purpose
- Repayment capability of the borrower.
Advantage of the Bridge Loan
- Short-term loan
- Ability to choose the repayment options
- Quick access to the loan not like those traditional ones, taking a long process
- Bridge loan overcome the issues relating to cash-flow
Disadvantages of a Bridge Loan
- The rate of interest charged is quite hefty
- A bridge loan might increase the debt burden
- Some Bridge loan might have pre-payment penalties
- This loan has a shorter payback duration
Bridge loan vs Traditional loans
Bridge loans break the norms of the traditional loans with faster procedure, funding and approval. The loan is the short-term duration with a high rate of interest and origination fees. Borrowers accept the terms and condition of this loan before availing it. This can be easily done as it is not a time-consuming process and provides quick access to funds.
Fee Structure for Bridge Loan:
- Administration fee
- Appraisal fee
- Escrow fee
- Title policy fee
- Notary fee
- Recording fee
- Wire/courier/drawing fee
Few Examples of Bridge Loan Lenders
- Thorofare Capital
- George Mason Mortgage
- GUD Capital
Before deciding on a Bridge loan, the borrower must decide and compare it with various other loan products available. Every product comes with its own set of risk and rewards. A bridge loan might be a viable option for many borrowers. There are many risk exposures one needs to take. The borrower needs to have a bridge loan – Whether the old property will sell or not if buying a new one, to set off the mortgage loan of the old property and make the down-payment for the new one.