Working Capital Turnover Ratio

Meaning of Working Capital Turnover

Working capital turnover measures the revenue generated from every investment made in the form of working capital. The working capital turnover ratio helps the company to acknowledge the relationship between the working capital invested in the company to fund the routine operations and the amount of sales generated through these operations.

Working Capital Turnover Ratio Formula

Let us look at how to calculate the working capital turnover ratio:

Working Capital Turnover Ratio = Net Sales / Working Capital

If the ratio is lower, it means that the company has higher accounts receivables and inventory assets to support its sales. This is not a good sign, as it signifies that there is an excessive amount of out-of-date inventory and higher bad debts.

On the other hand, if it is higher, the management is very competent and efficient because they can utilize the short-term assets and liabilities of the company in a better way to support its sales. A higher ratio is a sign that all the business operations are running smoothly and there is no need for additional funds in the business. But not always. Sometimes a higher ratio also has a lot of drawbacks. We will also learn about those drawbacks in the later part of this article.

Working capital Turnover

Let us take an example to understand the concept with more clarity.

Example of Working Capital Turnover

Suppose you are provided with the data of five companies, LG, Omega, Camron, Sky, and MG. You are required to calculate and interpret the working capital turnover ratio of all these five companies.

Current Assets2,0003,4501,730900750
Current Liabilities3,5003,2001,500800690
Discount & Taxes167300409070

Calculation of Working Capital:

CompanyCurrent Assets (CA)Current Liabilities (CL)Working Capital
(CA – CL)

Calculation of Net Sales:

CompanySales (1)Returns (2)Dis. & Taxes (3)Net Sales (1)-(2)-(3)

Working Capital Turnover Ratio:

CompanyNet SalesWorking CapitalRatio

You can also use Working Capital Turnover Calculator


As discussed above, a higher ratio is better and suggests that the company does not require more funds. Similarly, a lower ratio depicts poor management of short-term funds. But an extremely higher ratio may also have drawbacks attached. In the above example, LG has a negative ratio while Omega and MG have a very high ratio. Camron and Sky have the optimum working capital turnover ratio.

Since Omega and MG have a very high ratio, this may be due to the underutilization of working capital. And a lower or negative ratio depicts poor performance. A company and its management, hence, carefully allocate funds in the short run too. Efficient management of working capital will lead to less financial cost and lesser unnecessary expenses and diversions.

Advantages of Higher Working Capital Turnover Ratio

  • It ensures the smooth functioning of the operations of the company.
  • It eliminates the requirement for additional funds.
  • It helps to ease business expansion.
  • It gives a competitive edge over its peer.

Disadvantages of Higher Working Capital Turnover Ratio

  • An exceptionally higher ratio may also reflect that the company has insufficient funds to support sales growth.
  • Higher working capital turnover often leads to the insolvency of the business.


The working capital turnover ratio is significant for business organizations to compare their performance with competitors. It gives a meaningful idea to the company in determining the efficiency of utilizing the working capital. However, a higher ratio interpretation should be made carefully. The picture is not always bright when the ratio is higher. Sometimes, a higher ratio is a sign of insufficient working capital in the business. Therefore, the analyst should use this ratio after considering the various aspects of the business and the industry.

There is another metric called days working capital. It helps in determining how many days are required by a business to convert its working capital into cash.

Read Efficiency Ratios for its other types.

Sanjay Borad

Sanjay Bulaki Borad

MBA-Finance, CMA, CS, Insolvency Professional, B'Com

Sanjay Borad, Founder of eFinanceManagement, is a Management Consultant with 7 years of MNC experience and 11 years in Consultancy. He caters to clients with turnovers from 200 Million to 12,000 Million, including listed entities, and has vast industry experience in over 20 sectors. Additionally, he serves as a visiting faculty for Finance and Costing in MBA Colleges and CA, CMA Coaching Classes.

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