Sanctioned limit is the total exposure that a bank can take on a particular client for facilities like cash credit, overdraft, export packing credit, non-funded exposures etc. On the other hand, drawing power refers to the amount calculated based on primary security less margin as on a particular date. It is an amount that the client can use for a particular period from the sanctioned limit.
Drawing power is applicable only to fund based working capital financing facilities. Drawing power calculation also helps the lending institutions to keep a time-to-time watch on the performance of the company by tracking its inventory turnover and its book debts periodically. It is used as a part of credit monitoring practices of the lending institution.
Differences between Drawing Power and Sanctioned Limit
Let us now look at the differences between drawing power and sanctioned limit that distinguish them from each other:
|Sr. No||Drawing Power||Sanctioned Limit|
|1.||Drawing power is the amount that a customer can withdraw from the total limit that is sanctioned to him by the lending bank||Sanctioned limit is the total limit allotted to a customer by the financial institution for working capital requirements. This is the maximum amount that the borrowing company can utilize. The limit is usually given at the time of commencement of credit facilities after doing the credit appraisal of the borrower/company.|
|2.||The Drawing power amount is calculated as the per margin rate of the lending bank; i.e. The amount is usually calculated after deducting margin from primary security for working capital (usually cash credit limit) i.e. “Stock Less Creditors + Book Debts”||Sanctioned limit is calculated based on the proportion of collateral submitted and financial details provided by the borrower (individual or company) to the lending bank|
|3.||The amount eligible for drawing power can change every month and is a fluctuating amount which depends on the closing value of the stock in the inventory statement provided by the company at the end of that period (Generally every month or every quarter).||The sanction limit may undergo periodic review and it changes as per the decision by credit committee but the change is at a lesser frequency as compared to drawing power.|
While drawing power and sanctioned limits are of longer tenure arrangements to meet the working capital requirements of the client as they require temporary financing for meeting short-term requirements. Hence, a tailor-made arrangement is made available to the clients as one-off overdraft facility, normally for a period of not more than 30 days. This is called Temporary Overdraft facility (TOD).
A Temporary Overdraft facility is made available to the customer to meet his immediate credit requirements. TOD is short term and is generally not backed by any security. The bank usually charges slightly higher interest rates for the given TOD facility which certain terms and conditions attached. TOD amount is over and above the sanctioned regular limit, however, it is still supposed to be within the drawing power at the time of “TOD sanction” based on the updated stock, creditors and book debts position.
Working capital limit sanctioned by the company is normally given basis strict credit appraisal of the client taking into consideration the company’s own funds, debtors, stock and other securities provided. While drawing power is the highest amount allowed to be drawn from the limits sanctioned.1,2