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Drawing Power generally addressed as “DP” is an important concept for Cash Credit (CC) facility availed from banks and financial institutions. Drawing power is the limit up to which a firm or company can withdraw from the working capital limit sanctioned. Updating drawing power for working capital by the bank is an important credit monitoring exercise.

## Understanding Drawing Power

Drawing Power is calculated after deducting margin from “Stock Less Creditors + Book Debts” for the month. Banks have a practice of updating drawing power based on monthly/quarterly closing stock-book debt and trade creditors’ statement submitted by the firm/company. In order to understand this better, we need to have a better understanding of what is “margin” and how DP is calculated.

An important point to note is that “Stock” considered for calculating DP should be insured stock. Stock not covered under insurance, if considered for drawing power does not reflect the true drawing power since bank runs a huge risk, in the case of any mishappening. Drawing power is generally a post sanction credit monitoring tool. After sanction of limits, it helps the bank in keeping a tab on the performance of the firm or company to whom the limits are sanctioned. If the debtors become sticky at any point of time, or if the paid stock shows decreasing trend constantly month on month, it is an alarm bell for the bank.

## Calculation of Drawing Power

While opening a CC account, DP has arrived basis the stock, book debts and creditors statement based on closing position of the earlier month. The customer (Firm or the company availing working capital limits from the bank) can utilize these limits for a month i.e. till the time the new statement is prepared for the consequent month end position.

It is calculated by considering the total value of paid stock (Paid stock=Stock fewer Creditors) plus book debts (not more than 90 days old) and deducting margin from the same. In most of the cases, debtors up to 90 days are considered for calculating DP. But, if the business has longer credit cycle, more than 90 days debtors might be considered for DP calculation. This is to be done, if it is clearly mentioned as part of sanction terms.

The margin is the fund brought in the business by the firm/company itself from long-term sources of finance. In most of the cases, a margin on stock and book debts is 25%, while some banks consider 25% margin for stock and 40% of net debtors (Debtors fewer creditors) since the stock is a more liquid current asset. How much margin is considered is already mentioned as terms of sanction in the “sanction letter” and may vary from bank to bank.

## Example for Calculating Drawing Power

If the details are as below:

As on 31.10.2014 |
INR Mio |
---|---|

Stock | 50 |

Creditors | 12 |

Total Debtors | 70 |

Debtors > 90 Days | 10 |

Stock Covered Under Insurance | 44 |

Margin on Stock | 0.25 |

Margin on Debtors | 0.4 |

Sanctioned Working Capital Limit | 70 |

## Drawing Power Calculation

**METHOD-I**

Particulars |
INR Mio |
Allowed for DP Calculation |
---|---|---|

Stock (Insured Stock) | 44 | |

Less Creditors | 12 | |

Paid Stock | 32 | |

Less: 25% Margin | 8 | 24 |

Debtors | 70 | |

Less: Debtors > 90 Days | 10 | |

Debtors allowed for DP | 60 | |

Less: 40% Margin | 24 | 36 |

Drawing Power | 60 |

Working Capital limit is worked out prior to sanction. Working capital limits are primarily secured against the stock and book debts of the firm or company. It is to be noted that even if the drawing power for some month works out to be more than the sanctioned limit, the maximum withdrawal limit is “Sanctioned Amount”. That means a customer can utilize maximum amount as the limit sanctioned, even if the drawing power arrived is more for a particular month closing. In the above limit, if the sanctioned limit was “INR 50 Mio”, then DP would be restricted to “INR 50 Mio” only.

**References**:

http://spandane.com/books/Training%20Notes%20for%20Bank%20Staff/Concepts/06-MPBF.pdf

Last updated on : August 31st, 2017
Why we deduct creditor from stock to calculate drawing power?

Hi,

To calculate drawing power, we need to take “paid stock”. For the amount of creditors outstanding, the stock is unpaid to that extent. So, deduction of creditors is done. Bank shall not be funding for something that is not being spent, so creditors are to be deducted.

DP formula used by Banks are Stock -Margin and Book Debts – Creditors -Margin.But DP formula is Stock – Creditors- Margin and Debtors – Margin.Please elaborate the same ,

Hi Atul,

Not all banks follow the same formula for DP. It differs from bank to bank.

Some banks follow a more conservative approach, while some follow a lenient approach for credit monitoring.

what is the treatment if creditores are more then stock?????

I also want to know , how we will show the calculation if creditors are more than stock amount.

When creditors are more than the stock, it means that the stock have been fully funded by creditors and therefore bank finance is not needed. Stock will not qualify for bank finance.

While calculating DP, the excess of creditors over stock should be treated as finance of debts to that extent by creditors., Only the balance will qualify for bank finance [Debits – excess creditors)]-margin]

Under normal circumstances, creditors will not exceed stock. If it happens, it should be examined in more detail, before even considering working capital finance.

How To Calculate if we have LC and CC limit both

If creditors are more, you won’t be granted the LC and BG limits. If you already have LC and BG limits, same will be deducted from the calculated limits.

My Query is Treatment of Group Creditors while Calculating DP, Should we deduct it also from the Paid Stock..??

As we have not been taking Group Debtors so this should not be deducted…???

Reply

My query is regarding the Creditors. If a company receives easy credit for stocks provided by its Parent / group company and total creditors which includes parent co also exceeds stock, can we consider Parent company credit for less than say 3-4 months only.

Why Bank not consider available balance of last month in DP calculation system.

if I have limit of 30 cr.

i.e if our stock is 20 cr after margin = 17 cr in dp

debtors 10 cr after margin = 7.5 cr in dp

total = 24.5 cr in dp

less

creditors 1 cr = 1.0 cr

total dp as per calculation is = 23.5 cr

But in may case available balance was Rs. 8 cr. in C.C. limit but bank not consider the same & deduct our DP by 6.5 cr.

Dp must be greater than sanction limit.If it has low then you can not use your balance and it was automatically show in overdue.

put your question correctly, your question seems confusing

If a borrower has availed cc limits, letter of credit – both usance and Sight, margin for cc limits is 25% and for LC is 10%. how to calculate DP? What is the impact of usance LC with respect to DP. Kindly explain with examples please

Whether CENVAT credit is included while calculating the drawing power?

how to calculate total stock required for a credit limit of 12 lakhs , creditors is 6 lakhs

how to calculate total stock required for a credit limit of rs 12 lakhs , creditors 6 lakhs and margin 25%

INR 22 lakhs stock is required. [22-6(creditors)] x 0.75%]

INR 22 lakhs stock will be required [22-creditors-0.25% margin on the balance]

Shall we deduct margin on paid stock if same i negative figure I.e paid stock will be in negative

Can we withdraw an amount in cash from a cash credit limit.

Hy. Thanks for providing us so many information regarding calculation of DP.But still i have a query regarding calculation of net paid stock that whether combustible and non combustible stock should be reduced from stock or not???

Whether Advance to customers considered for calculation of Drawing power

how to calculate working capital limit in a cash credit account

kindly guide me

How to set stock insurance limit if working capital sanction Rs 25 crores , stock shown in stock statement Rs 8 crores and debtors Rs 26 crores then what is the limit of stock insurance of the firm please suggest.

General norms, Stock insurance is to be taken for the highest estimated/expected stock level. And if actual the stock is higher than the insured amount at any point of time then limit of insurance should be increased immediately.

If creditors is more the stock then how to calculate dp. for example stock 40 lac creditors 60 lac debtors 75 lac.

Re: Drawing power for Export Finance: A while ago it was explained to us that DP did not include creditors for Running PCFC A/c in Foreign currency. As:

1. Export Finance was order driven & would only be disbursed to a maximum of 90% of the order.

2. Further Margin of 10%(in our case) would be deducted from the stock,which was secondary.

As under Running account PCFC -since export orders often required advances for bulk raw material or pre purchase of inputs, the prime driver of DP calculation for a running account would be the export order.

Branch auditors insist that this is wrong & there is no difference between the norms for regular CC & Running PCFC accounts & DP is only to be calculated by way of traditional Stock- creditors= DP.

How True is this?

NICE INFORMATION. THANKS

Is it mandatory to allocate DP to the multiple banks if DP is less than the sanctioned limit, also is there any RBI guidelines regarding the DP allocation

Is the below declaration sufficient instead of given bank wise DP allocation:

“The working capital utilization from the entire banking system (all banks including your bank) will not exceed Drawing power as per Drawing Power Statement submitted to you”

Hi Sachin,

Yes, apparently the declaration is enough in terms of multiple banking arrangements (i.e. “The working capital utilization from the entire banking system (all banks including your bank) will not exceed Drawing power as per Drawing Power Statement submitted to you”). However, it depends on the bank whether they ask you to submit any additional document along with the DP statements. Some stringent/conservative banks try to follow some additional checks to ensure the correctness of this declaration.