Due Diligence

Meaning of Due Diligence

Due diligence is an audit or investigation which a company of the potential product or investment conducts. It reviews all financial records. It is a final precaution measure one undertakes before entering into an agreement with another party.

The company can conduct due diligence on various events. Like, when the seller wants to investigate the authenticity of the buyer. Entities preparing for mergers and acquisitions also perform this activity. Brokers need to prepare it as a compulsion before selling the security.

After knowing the meaning, we will see the types of the same.

Types Of Due Diligence

Legal due diligence ensures that there is no involvement of legal issues in business investment or procurement.

Continue reading: Legal Due Diligence

Tax

Tax due diligence focuses on making sure that the seller’s firm does not hold any past tax liability that may be passed on to the acquiring firm.

Read more about it in its detailed article: Tax Due Diligence

Operational

Operational due diligence assists the prospective purchaser in getting an analysis of the operational aspects of the target company.

See Operational Due Diligence for more details.

Intellectual Property

IP due diligence form studies the various intellectual properties that the company may own.

Read more at IP Due Diligence.

Commercial

Commercial due diligence form aims at gaining an understanding of the market in which the target company operates.

Visit Commercial Due Diligence for more details.

Information Technology

IT due diligence form assists in identifying if there are any information technology concerns in the target entity.

Keep reading more at IT Due Diligence.

Due Diligence

Human resources

The human resources due diligence understands the impact of human capital on the planned deal.

Learn more at HR Due Diligence.

Financial

The main is to analyze financial health by conducting financial due diligence.

Read more about Financial Due Diligence here.

On gaining insight on types, let’s understand the steps involved in preparing the same.

Process Of Due Diligence

The following is the step by step due diligence process:

Understand Compliance Concerns

In the ever-growing corporate world, the number of regulations imposed on the entity keeps increasing. The firm must gain an understanding of the compliance they need to match.

Define Corporate Objectives

The due diligence process needs to align with the regulatory, strategic, reputational, and financial risks that the entity may face.

Gather Key Information

Information about the entity needs to be gathered on a number of bases, such as political connections, board members, incorporation documents, key shareholders, etc.

Screen Prospective Third Parties against Watchlists

Watchlist screenings can determine if the particular party poses any form of significant risk. The entity should be checked against points of law enforcement lists, global sanctions lists, published lists of debarred companies, etc.

Conduct a Risk Assessment

There has to be the preparation of the risk assessment. The assessment must consider points such as high level of government involvement, country risk, and financial risks arising due to deficiencies in internal factors.

Validate the Information Collected

After completing the risk assessment step, the next step in the due diligence process is to verify and validate all the information that has been procured.

Record the Process

One should maintain a record through the due diligence process. The record should include all relevant assessments and documents. This record will later enable an entity to calculate the return on investments.

Establish an On-Going Monitoring Plan

There has to be proper scrutiny throughout the to avoid any form of unanticipated problems.

Review Your Process Regularly

A business should keep adapting to changes. Periodic reviews should be conducted, and required amendments should be incorporated into the process.

Due Diligence Checklist

Different organizations have different methods of conducting the due diligence process. And therefore, each organization maintains its own due diligence checklist. It helps in conducting the process smoothly. A few examples of contents of a checklist are sales, customers and revenue streams, material contracts, insurance coverage, licenses, and permits, etc.

Due Diligence Report

A Due diligence report can be defined as the final product of a due diligence process.

Conclusion

Suppose any modification or addition in the entity is being considered, such as a contract with a new supplier or takeover of another entity. In that case, a due diligence report will give the knowledge and confidence required to achieve the desired goal from the deal. This report detects issues that one can tackle early in the process. The findings can provide factual information, thereby assisting an entity in determining the true value or cost of business. Due diligence also contributes towards the drafting of the agreement and enables the entity to negotiate the best terms.



Sanjay Borad

Sanjay Bulaki Borad

Sanjay Borad is the founder & CEO of eFinanceManagement. He is passionate about keeping and making things simple and easy. Running this blog since 2009 and trying to explain "Financial Management Concepts in Layman's Terms".

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