Abnormal Return

Abnormal Return

What is Abnormal Return?An abnormal return is defined as ‘an unexpected, not-anticipated return on investments throughout a period of time. The reason can be… Read Article
Standalone Risk

Standalone Risk

Standalone Risk: MeaningWe can define “standalone risk” as the risk that an investor faces when he holds only one single asset as an investment.… Read Article
Can Covariance be Negative

Can Covariance be Negative?

Covariance is a statistical tool for measuring the relationship between two random variables. It essentially indicates the direction between the two variables. It is… Read Article
capital market line

Capital Market Line

What is Capital Market Line?Capital Market Line graphically represents all portfolios with an optimal combination of risk and return. They are the best-performing portfolios.… Read Article
sml vs cal


There are a few very important concepts when it comes to security analysis, such as DCF, CAPM, as well as CML, SML, and CAL.… Read Article